Vimpat is a prescription medication approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2008 for the treatment of partial-onset seizures in people 17 and older. Doctors may also prescribe Vimpat for other types of seizures. Vimpat may be prescribed alone as a monotherapy or together with other drugs as an adjunctive medication. Vimpat is also known by its drug name, Lacosamide.
Vimpat should not be used in people with a history of hypersensitivity to Lacosamide or phenylalanine. Vimpat should be used with caution in people with a history of heart, kidney, or liver problems. Vimpat may not be suitable for use by women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
Vimpat is an anticonvulsant, or drug that prevents seizures. It is believed that Vimpat works in cases of epilepsy by inhibiting nerve signals.
How do I take it?
Vimpat is usually taken orally as a tablet or liquid twice a day with or without food. It is important to swallow Vimpat tablets whole without crushing or chewing them. Vimpat may also be given intravenously on a temporary basis if it is impossible for you to swallow medicine. Your doctor will likely start you on a low dose of Vimpat and gradually increase the dosage.
Avoid driving or operating machinery until you are certain you understand how Vimpat affects you.
Do not stop taking Vimpat suddenly. If you decide to stop taking Vimpat, consult your physician for a plan to taper off gradually.
Always follow your doctor’s instructions exactly when taking Vimpat.
Lacosamide (Vimpat) was approved by the FDA on the basis of several clinical trials. Participants were people with epilepsy whose seizures were not controlled well by their existing medication regimens. Those who took 200 milligrams of Lacosamide in addition to their existing medications experienced an average reduction of 21 to 26 percent in the number of seizures per month. Those who took 400 milligrams of Lacosamide experienced an average reduction of 35 to 40 percent in the frequency of their seizures. At 400 milligrams, approximately 40 percent of participants experienced a reduction in seizure frequency of 50 percent or more.
Common side effects of Vimpat include sleepiness, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, muscle tremors, unusual eye movements, feeling unsteady on your feet, headache, and vision changes. Some of these side effects may fade as your body acclimates to Vimpat.
Call your doctor if you experience fatigue, fainting, chest pain, abnormal heartbeat, shortness of breath, fever, rash, yellowing of the eyes or skin, or dark-colored urine while taking Vimpat.
Rarely, some people experience neurological symptoms including depression or suicidal thoughts while taking Vimpat. Contact your doctor if you experience these side effects.
Many drugs can cause allergic reactions that, in the most serious cases, can result in death. Seek immediate medical help if you experience signs of a severe allergic reaction such as difficulty breathing or swelling of the face, throat, eyes, lips, or tongue.