Trileptal is a prescription medication approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2000 for the treatment of partial seizures in people age two years and old. Trileptal may be prescribed as a stand-alone drug (monotherapy) or as an adjunctive medication along with other antiepileptic drugs. Trileptal may be referred to by its drug name, Oxcarbazepine. Oxcarbazepine is also sold under the brand name Oxtellar XR.
Trileptal should not be used in people with a history of hypersensitivity to Oxcarbazepine. Trileptal should be used with caution in people with a history of kidney problems or hypersensitivity to Carbamazepine. Trileptal may not be suitable for use by women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
Trileptal is an anticonvulsant, or drug that prevents seizures. Trileptal is derived from Carbamazepine and is metabolized into Eslicarbazepine in the body. It is believed that Trileptal works in cases of epilepsy by inhibiting nerve signals.
How do I take it?
Your doctor may order a genetic test to gauge your risk for allergic reactions to Trileptal before prescribing it.
Trileptal is taken orally as a tablet twice a day, with or without food. Try to take Trileptal at the same times each day. Your doctor will likely start you on a low dose of Trileptal and gradually increase the dosage.
Avoid driving or operating machinery until you are certain you understand how Trileptal affects you.
Trileptal may reduce the effectiveness of some forms of birth control, including oral contraceptives and implants. You may need to adopt another form of birth control while using Trileptal.
Drinking alcohol while taking Trileptal can intensify some side effects.
Do not stop taking Trileptal suddenly. If you decide to stop taking Trileptal, consult your physician for a plan to taper off gradually.
Always follow your doctor’s instructions exactly when taking Trileptal.
Oxcarbazepine (Trileptal) has been studied in many clinical trials both as an add-on drug and a monotherapy for partial seizures. Based on the results of the studies, researchers have concluded that Oxcarbazepine is effective at reducing the number of seizures.
Common side effects of Trileptal include sleepiness, dizziness, nausea, feeling unsteady on your feet, headache, and blurry vision. Some of these side effects may fade as your body acclimates to Trileptal.
Call your doctor if you experience a rash, confusion, sluggishness, vomiting, or worsening seizures while taking Trileptal.
Rarely, some people experience neurological symptoms including depression or suicidal thoughts while taking Trileptal. Contact your doctor if you experience these side effects.
Trileptal can also cause severe rashes and serious allergic reactions. The risk for allergic reactions is highest among people with Asian ancestry. If you are taking Trileptal, get medical help immediately if you experience a rash, difficulty breathing or swelling of the face, throat, eyes, lips, or tongue.